I am probably the last person to try to answer this, but since I've been studying the UnitOfWork example myself I'm going to give it a shot. My apologies in advance if I make it worse.
I think you're referring to the _unitOfWork variable in the AccountService class on page 203. Is that correct?
public class AccountService
private IAccountRepository _accountRepository;
private IUnitOfWork _unitOfWork;
public AccountService (IAccountRepository accountRepository, IUnitOfWork unitOfWork)
_accountRepository = accountRepository;
_unitOfWork = unitOfWork;
I had to work through this very carefully. I created the following console project to reproduce Figure 7-1 and stepped through it very slowly.
static void Main()
//variables to perform the example from Figure 7-1
Account accountFrom = new Account();
Account accountTo = new Account();
decimal transfer = 250;
accountFrom.balance = 1000;
accountTo.balance = 1000;
//additional variables required; I'm not sure of this part - I thought the client wouldn't want to know about the infrastructure or repository layers but I can't find any other way to make it work.
UnitOfWork.Infrastructure.UnitOfWork uow = new UnitOfWork.Infrastructure.UnitOfWork(); //creates the AddedEntities, ChangedEntities and RemovedEntities dictionaries within the UnitOfWork class.
UnitOfWork.Repository.AccountRepository accountRepository = new UnitOfWork.Repository.AccountRepository(uow); //assigns uow to AccountRepository's _unitOfWork variable.
AccountService accountService = new AccountService(accountRepository, uow); //assigns accountRepository to AccountService's _accountRepository variable and uow to AccountService's _unitOfWork variable and
accountService.Transfer(accountFrom, accountTo, transfer);
That last line requires a fairly large amount of explanation:
- accountService.Transfer first calls this class's accountRepository.Save(accountFrom), which calls uow.RegisterAmended(accountFrom, accountRepository).
- That then adds a dictionary entry containing accountFrom as the index and uow as the data.
- Next, accountService.Transfer calls accountRepository.Save(accountTo), which calls uow.RegisterAmended(accountTo, accountRepository)
- And then a dictionary entry containing accountTo as the index and uow as the data is added to changedEntities
- Finally, accountService.Transfer calls uow.Commit, which loops through the changedEntities dictionary and calls accountRepository.PersistCreationOf(accountFrom), then .PersistCreationOf(accountNew).
I think the answer to your question comes from this line of the console app:
AccountService accountService = new AccountService(accountRepository, uow);
That line links the AccountRepository and UnitOfWork classes together.
Let me know if this makes any sense at all. I think I put the pieces together correctly, but to be honest this part of the pattern is still a bit magical to me (meaning I'm staring at it in glassy-eyed wonder) so I can't be entirely sure.