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Old May 12th, 2007, 11:50 AM
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Default Chomp

I do not no what chomp does to a vairable and what it does to this simple script.

# convert1.plx
use warnings;
use strict;

my ($value, $from, $to, $rate, %rates);
%rates = (
    pounds => 1,
    dollars => 1.6,
    marks => 3.0,
    "french francs" => 10.0,
    yen => 174.8,
    "swiss francs" => 2.43,
    drachma => 492.3,
    euro => 1.5

print "Enter your starting currency: ";
$from = <STDIN>;
print "Enter your target currency: ";
$to = <STDIN>;
print "Enter your amount: ";
$value = <STDIN>;

$rate = $rates{$to} / $rates{$from};

print "$value $from is ",$value*$rate," $to.\n";

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Old May 14th, 2007, 05:54 AM
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[chomp] removes any trailing string that corresponds to the current value of $/ (also known as $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR in the English module). It returns the total number of characters removed from all its arguments. It's often used to remove the newline from the end of an input record when you're worried that the final record may be missing its newline. When in paragraph mode ($/ = ""), it removes all trailing newlines from the string. When in slurp mode ($/ = undef) or fixed-length record mode ($/ is a reference to an integer or the like, see the perlvar manpage) chomp() won't remove anything. If VARIABLE is omitted, it chomps $_. Example:

        while (<>) {
            chomp; # avoid \n on last field
            @array = split(/:/);
            # ...

    If VARIABLE is a hash, it chomps the hash's values, but not its keys.

    You can actually chomp anything that's an lvalue, including an assignment:

        chomp($cwd = `pwd`);
        chomp($answer = <STDIN>);

    If you chomp a list, each element is chomped, and the total number of characters removed is returned.

Charlie Harvey's website - linux, perl, java, anarchism and punk rock: http://charlieharvey.org.uk
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