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Old June 11th, 2004, 12:47 PM
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Default How do I determine if the command failed?

How can/do I determine if an Update command was successful?
  DoCmd.RunSQL "Update table set ...."

If the command doesn't run then I know the record doesn't exist, so I want to write and If statement that says ... If update fails run Insert instead.

Thanks in advance for any advice.
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Old June 14th, 2004, 11:37 PM
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The only means I know of to determine if the UPDATE succeeded is to evaluate the numer of records affected by executing your query. If 0 records are affected, the record doesn't exist. Your code can then branch to an INSERT statement.

Problem is, the RunSql method is pretty limited, and doesn't return the number of records affected. An ADO Command object, however, does. I put together a generic wrapper function, ExecuteDMLQuery, that accepts any Jet SQL data manipulation language statment. A boolean value is returned indicating success or failure of the action. You'll also need to set the return value to False in the error handler, should an error occur.

Hope it helps,


Sub Main()

    Dim strSQLCommand As String

    strSQLCommand = "UPDATE Orders Set Amount = 5 WHERE OrderID = 2"

    ' if Order# 2 doesn't exist, the INSERT statement gets processed.
    If ExecuteDMLQuery(strSQLCommand) Then
        MsgBox "UPDATE succeeded"
        ' execute INSERT instead
        strSQLCommand = "INSERT INTO Orders VALUES (2, 5);"
        If ExecuteDMLQuery(strSQLCommand) Then
            MsgBox "INSERT succeeded"
        End If
    End If

End Sub

Public Function ExecuteDMLQuery(strCommandText) As Boolean
    On Error GoTo ErrorHandler

    Dim cnn As ADODB.Connection
    Dim cmd As ADODB.Command
    Dim lngRecordsAffected As Long

    On Error GoTo ErrorHandler

    Set cnn = CurrentProject.Connection

    ' Create command object
    Set cmd = New ADODB.Command
    Set cmd.ActiveConnection = cnn
    cmd.CommandType = adCmdText
    cmd.CommandText = strCommandText

    ' If 0 records returned, the record does not exist.
    cmd.Execute lngRecordsAffected

    ' set boolean flag to indicate update success.
    If lngRecordsAffected <> 0 Then
        ExecuteDMLQuery = True
        ExecuteDMLQuery = False
    End If

    ' clean up
    Set cnn = Nothing
    Exit Function


    ' set boolean flag to false if error encountered.
    ExecuteDMLQuery = False

    If Not cnn Is Nothing Then
        If cnn.State = adStateOpen Then cnn.Close
    End If
    Set cnn = Nothing

    If Err <> 0 Then
        MsgBox Err.Source & "-->" & Err.Description, , "Error"
    End If

End Function

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Old June 14th, 2004, 11:47 PM
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Delete the second On Error GoTo ErrorHandler statement in the function. My bad.

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