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BOOK: Beginning Web Programming with HTML, XHTML, and CSS, 2nd Edition ISBN: 978-0-470-25931-3
This is the forum to discuss the Wrox book Beginning Web Programming with HTML, XHTML, and CSS, 2nd Edition by Jon Duckett; ISBN: 9780470259313
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Old December 30th, 2008, 11:20 AM
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Question <a> element in within block-level elements?

Hello,

I'm a guy to learned a little bit of HTML a few years ago (for my degree in IT), and now am starting to transition my job into web development. I'm basically starting from scratch.

I was reading the Beginning Web Programming with HTML, XHTML, and CSS, 2nd Edition ISBN: 978-0-470-25931-3 book and page 73 gave me a head-scratcher. I'm wondering why Strict HTML 1.0 requires the <a> tag to be within a block-level element?

The reason I ask, is that if I just want to code a simple link in Strict HTML 1.0, I have to create a block-level element to encompass it? Wouldn't the block-level tag put the text in its own block of text?

Thanks in advance for some insight,
Eddie

Last edited by steddie1; December 30th, 2008 at 11:37 AM..
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Old January 24th, 2009, 05:27 PM
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Default Seperation of Functionality from Style...

Eddie,

I am working through the same book and would definitely consider myself a beginner. I had seen your question after was only a few chapters in a couple of weeks back and didn't have an answer for you, but here's what I think;

I'm not sure how far you've gotten in the book since this thread was posted or if you've gotten an answer elsewhere, but the reason Srict XHTML requires the <a> tag to be within it's own block-level element has to do primarily with XHTML's new rules surrounding the use of CSS in conjunction with HTML.

The reason that the new rules differentiate heavily between the 'block-level' elements and 'inline-elements' (including the anchor tag) is the language's coding structure as it pertains to it's style. Simply put, it helps to seperate functionality code from style code, making it easier to read and protecting the integrity/life-span of the code as the language continues to evolve forward.

Hope this helps. If you've found a better answer please share, but this is how I understood it.

Cheers.
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Old March 3rd, 2009, 04:43 AM
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Default The <a> tag and why it needs to be wrapped

The <a> (anchor) tag is considered to be an inline element. This is why it needs to be wrapped in a "block level" tag such as <p>.

All inline tags should be wrapped. For a good list, you can go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML_element for a list of them.

Hope this helps.
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