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VB Databases Basics Beginning-level VB coding questions specific to using VB with databases. Issues not specific to database use will be redirected to other forums.
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Old June 20th, 2003, 01:17 AM
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Default Setting a Variable = Result of a SQL Query

I want to retreive one piece of text data from the database and assign it to a String variable. The SQL statement that would successfully retreive the correct piece of data would be something like:

"SELECT FirstName FROM Employee WHERE EmpID = x"

where x would be a value set in the VB application.
How would I set a variable, say "CurrentEmp", = to the result of that query?

TIA,
Pete S - Tucson, AZ
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Old June 20th, 2003, 08:14 AM
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You don't indicate your database environment, so this may have to be adapted for your particular situation.

There are two ways.

1. Open a recordset from the query and read the row. Recordset.fields(0).value will have the value returned, as:

CurrentEmp = Recordset.fields(0).value

2. Use a command object and execute a stored procedure which returns a string parameter. A SQL Server stored procedure definition might be along the lines of:
Code:
Create Procedure GetName
  @EmpID integer
  @CurrentEmp varchar(whatever)
as
  set nocount on
  SELECT @CurrentEmp=FirstName FROM Employee WHERE EmpID = @EmpID;
The command object has two parameters: an input parameter giving the EmpID you want to select, and an output parameter which will contain the result. Something like:
Code:
   Dim cmd as Command
   Set cmd = New Command
   With cmd
      .CommandType = adCmdStoredProc
      .CommandText = "GetName"
      .Parameters.Append .CreateParameter(, adInteger, dParamInput, ,EmpID)
      .Parameters.Append .CreateParameter(, adVarChar, adParamOutput, <lengthofname>)
      Set .ActiveConnection = <your connection>
   End With
   cmd.Execute , , adExecuteNoRecords
   CurrentEmp=cmd.Parameters(1).value
The command object/stored procedure method is way more efficient since a recordset object is pretty "heavy".

Jeff Mason
Custom Apps, Inc.
www.custom-apps.com
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