Probably, but I don't think I've ever seen a method. I believe you would have to create the functions to interpret the stuff stored in the .MDB to emulate Access.
.MDBs are designed as storage containers. They can store data (which are then externally readable through the Jet DB Engine), VBA, Reports, Forms, Macros, really anything. Microsoft worked up a bunch of code to enable users to create, edit and use these things.
Your question is similar to asking whether you can read a Word document in VB
. You could. But you would have to "draw" the image onto a device context after reading the data in the .DOC and the instructions in the .TTF files. Pretty hard, but doable if you want to take the time to experiment...
Short answer? "Not really." (As far as I know.)