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Old July 9th, 2003, 03:40 AM
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Default login and session

I still confused about session.
Can you help me to see sample code.
I wanna make login area for member. And after member log-in i wanna see their username on every page they visited.
I have already login.php (place for member inserting their id and password). And after login succeed, they will go to index2.php

Thanx

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Old July 9th, 2003, 03:24 PM
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Default

This is all fairly straight forward. Before ANY output is sent to the browser (including whitespace outside of the <?php and ?> tags), you must call session_start.

Here's a simple example:

-- login.php --
Code:
<?php
session_start();

// attempting to log in after already logged in?
if(isset($_SESSION['logged_in']) && (true === $_SESSION['logged_in']))
{
    header('Location: index2.php');
}

// did user submit the login form?
if(isset($_POST['username']))
{
   if(($_POST['username'] == 'nikolai') && // you have to figure out
      ($_POST['password'] == 'password'))  // how to verify logins
   {
      // valid login, add username to session.
      $_SESSION['logged_in'] = true;
      $_SESSION['username'] = $_POST['username'];

      // redirect to index2.php
      header('Location: index2.php');
   }
   else
   {
      echo "<b>Invalid login, please try again.</b>";
   }
}
echo "<form method=\"post\" action=\"{$_SERVER['PHP_SELF']}\">\n"
   . "  Username: <input type=\"text\" name=\"username\"><br />\n"
   . "  Password: <input type=\"password\" name=\"password\"><br />\n"
   . "  <input type=\"submit\" name=\"submit\" value=\"Login\">\n"
   . "</form>\n";
?>
--index2.php --
Code:
<?php
session_start();

// verify logged in, if not, redirect to login page.
if(! isset($_SESSION['logged_in']))
{
   header('Location: login.php');
}

// if user is logging out, destroy session and redirect to login page.
if (isset($_POST['logout']))
{
   unset($_SESSION);   // delete session variable
   session_destroy();  // destroy data written to server filesystem
   header('Location: login.php');
}

// If we got here, session exists and user is NOT logging out.
// Count how many times the user has visited this page.
++$_SESSION['count']

echo "Welcome, {$_SESSION['username']}!<br />\n";
echo "You've visited this page {$_SESSION['count']} times this session.<br />\n";

// logout button:
echo "<form method=\"post\" action=\"{$_SERVER['PHP_SELF']}\">\n"
   . "  <input type=\"submit\" name=\"logout\" value=\"Logout\">\n"
   . "</form>\n";
?>
As always, it's a good idea to read through the manual. There's LOTS of documentation and sample code available.

  http://www.php.net/session


Take care,

Nik
http://www.bigaction.org/
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